If you’re like most Windows users, the only time you pull up the Task Manager is when an application is frozen and you need to kill it. It’s perfectly fine to use the Task Manager for that, but you should know that you may be overlooking some features that you’d find useful if only you knew about them.
So let’s take a closer look at what you might be missing out on. (These features may not be available prior to Windows 8, but the Task Manager in Windows 7 is still pretty awesome!)
1. Launch the Task Manager
As of now, there are five different ways to launch the Task Manager. Some are well known and commonly used, but a few are less obvious, easier to use, and arguably better for the average user. Pick the one you prefer and use it to your heart’s content.
1. Ctrl + Alt + Del. Here’s the method that nearly everyone knows about. There’s nothing wrong with it, but in Windows 10, it doesn’t directly launch the Task Manager. Instead, it presents you with a choice and you have to click the Task Manager option to launch it. Yuck.
2. Ctrl + Shift + Esc. This keyboard shortcut immediately launches the Task Manager, no option selection necessary. What’s nice is that you can execute it with one hand (unlike Ctrl + Alt + Del, which requires two hands for most people). Personally, this is the method I prefer to use.
3. The Taskbar. If you right-click on the Taskbar at the bottom of the screen, there’s an option you’ve probably missed time and time again: Task Manager! This is the easiest method to use if your hands are off the keyboard.
5. The Run Command. Open the Run prompt with the Win + R keyboard shortcut, then type taskmgr and hit Enter. You can also run this command in the File Explorer address bar or in the Start Menu search bar.
2. Find Out Why Apps Are Frozen
Prematurely killing an active application could result in lost data, and even if you’re diligent about keeping good backups, you may not be able to recover everything. That’s why, whenever possible, you should wait and see if a frozen application resolves itself.
That’s when the Analyze Wait Chain feature in the Task Manager comes in handy. It can tell you when a process is stuck waiting on another process, which can help you identify why an application isn’t responding (i.e. which process is the real culprit). Only available under the Details tab.
3. Restart Windows Explorer
Sometimes you may find that some parts of your system aren’t responding (e.g. Taskbar, File Explorer, Start Menu, etc.) while other applications are running just fine. Restarting your computer will solve the issue, but it may be enough to restart Windows Explorer instead.
This is actually a common enough problem that Task Manager now has a special action for the Windows Explorer process: Restart. This will kill the task for you and automatically restart it. (It conveniently saves you from having to restart it yourself.) Always worth a try when Windows is frozen but other applications aren’t.
4. Monitor Performance & Resources
Here’s where the Task Manager really shines. Not only does it provide an overview of all running processes and applications, but it has several tools for effectively monitoring the performance of your system and how your resources are being allocated.
Try these under the Performance tab:
- Resource Monitor: Click on Open Resource Monitor at the bottom of the window to launch the Resource Monitor, which is an advanced way to view real-time data about your system: threads used, disk response times, exact breakdowns of RAM used by processes, etc.
- Overview Modes: Right-click anywhere in the left sidebar and select Hide Graphs to hide the graphs and Summary View to display nothing but the sidebar. The other way works too: right-click anywhere in the right panel and select Graph Summary View to display nothing but the current graph.
- Diagnostic Info: With any resource type selected (e.g. CPU, Memory, Disk, etc), you can right-click anywhere and select Copy to load a diagnostic snapshot into your clipboard. Paste it anywhere — like in Notepad, in an email, or in a forum post — as it could help with troubleshooting.
- Network Details: With Network selected, right-click in the right panel and select View Network Details to get a real-time breakdown of things like network utilization, link speed, bytes sent and received, etc.
- Other Useful Details: Each resource type has some interesting details that might come in handy, such as System Uptime under CPU, RAM Slots Used under Memory, and Read/Write Speeds under Disk.
5. Search Online for Suspicious Processes
Every once in a while, you may find some suspicious-looking process names in Task Manager. Most of the time they’ll be legitimate, but you should never assume that a process is benevolent — especially if you’ve never seen or heard of it before.
Windows can help. Just right-click on any process and select the Search Online action. This will launch a search in your browser with the application name and the process name, which will help you to determine whether or not it’s safe or malicious.
6. Add Extra Columns for Details
By default, the new Task Manager only shows five columns when listing processes: Name, CPU, Memory, Disk, and Network. While these are the most important details, you can actually add up to six more columns just by right-clicking the header area.
The additional columns are Type (or process type), Status, Publisher, PID (or process ID), Process Name (usually the executable file), and Command Line (the command and parameters used when the process was launched).
All of them can be useful in the right situation, but I find that the Process Name is particularly useful because it’s easier to spot suspicious applications by their process name than their application name. The Publisher column can also be helpful when something seems suspicious.
Extra columns can also be added under the Startup tab, whether for troubleshooting purposes (like CPU and Disk I/O at Startup) or just to see which startup processes are still running (with the Running Now column).
7. Toggle Between Values & Percentages
When browsing the list of processes, the CPU column can only be shown with percentages, but the other three default columns can have their displays switched between absolute values and percentages.
Percentages are better when you need a sense of how a particular process’s resource usage compares to the total amount of that resource available. It’s nice to know if Opera is using 40 MB of RAM, but it can also be useful to know that that’s only 2% of all the RAM in your system.
To toggle these, just right-click on any process, navigate to the Resource Values submenu, pick the resource type you want to change, and select either Values or Percents.
8. Manage App Windows Easily
Task Manager is far from the best window management tool out there, but it does have a few actions that you might find useful. To access them, you have to click the pulldown arrow next to the one you want to manage. This only works for items listed under the Apps section of the Processes tab.
Once you open the pulldown menu for an item, right-click it and you’ll see five window actions for that application:
- Switch To: Brings focus to the application and minimizes Task Manager to the Taskbar.
- Bring to Front: Brings focus to the application, but doesn’t minimize Task Manager. Doesn’t work if there’s another application that’s “Always on Top”.
- Minimize: Minimizes the application without bringing focus to the application window.
- Maximize: Maximizes the application without bringing focus to the application window.
- End Task: Kills the application completely.
9. Open App File Locations
Do you often find yourself needing to navigate to the installed location of a particular program? Maybe you need to tweak some configuration files, or maybe you want to drop some new theme files for that particular program.
Crawling through File Explorer is one way to do that, but it requires so many clicks and consumes so much time. Rather, if the program is already running, Task Manager can help you get there in record time.
Just right-click on any process and select Open File Location. This will take you directly to the folder that contains the process’s executable file (i.e. the same file that shows up under the Process Name column if you toggled that on). Super fast, super convenient.
This works for Apps, Background Processes, and Windows Processes — pretty much anything that shows up under the Processes tab can be quick-accessed in this way.
10. Launch the Command Prompt Directly
In the Task Manager, you can go to the File menu and select Run New Task to launch the Run prompt. Most people know this, as it was the best way to manually restart a frozen Windows Explorer in previous versions of Windows.
Well, if you hold the Ctrl key at the same time you click on the Run New Task action, it actually launches the Command Prompt instead of the Run prompt. We’re not sure why this is hidden behind a secret Ctrl modifier because it’s actually a pretty neat trick that many aren’t aware of.